Sleeve Gastrectomy is also known as Gastric Sleeve In the surgical procedure, a large portion of the stomach (approximately 80%) is removed with intent to reduce the gastric volume. Since the food intake is limited with the stomach reduction, the patient loses weight. The stomach that normally looks like a sac will take the shape of a thin and long sleeve after this procedure. The surgically removed part of the stomach is taken out of the body, in an irrevocable way. This surgically removed part of the stomach includes the part producing ghrelin, i.e. the hunger hormone that stimulates the hypothalamus region of the brain. In this way, the patient’s feeling of hunger will decrease but will not be lost completely. In sleeve gastrectomy operations, the stomach valves called the ‘pyloric valves’, which regulate the emptying of the stomach, are preserved. Since these valves are preserved, there will be no change in the digestive system. However, you will experience the feeling of satiety more quickly, by eating less amount of food. People who have undergone sleeve gastrectomy can reach the feeling of fullness by eating less than normal, thanks to their reduced stomach. Sleeve gastrectomy surgery is intended to enable the person to lose weight by eating less and consuming healthier foods. Sleeve gastrectomy can be performed with both open and closed methods.
What are the points that I need to take into consideration before sleeve gastrectomy?
In general, hospitalization 24 hours prior to the time of bariatric surgery is recommended. You should also follow a liquid diet and avoid solid foods for 24 hours before surgery. You should completely stop eating from 12 o’clock at night. You should stop oral liquid intake 8 hours prior to the time of your surgery.
What are the advantages of sleeve gastrectomy?
The advantages sleeve gastrectomy provides are the narrowed the gastric passageway, ability to feel satiety with a small amount of food, reduced appetite, and balanced nutrition. Compared to gastric bypass surgery, sleeve gastrectomy is easier, takes shorter, and requires a shorter hospital stay. Sleeve gastrectomy can also be turned into some other bariatric surgery procedures, when required.
Who are suitable candidates for sleeve gastrectomy?
A person who complains of his/her overweight may be or may not be suitable for having sleeve gastrectomy. For being able to have this surgical procedure, he/she should be aged between 18 and 65, and have a body mass index of above 35-40. The person is considered to be a suitable candidate for sleeve gastrectomy if he/she has cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, and serious health problems due to his/her excess weight; if he/she is not alcohol and drug addicted; if his/her psychological state does not pose an obstacle to life style change; if he/she is able to overcome surgical stress; if his/her health status is suitable; and if he/she cannot lose weight with any procedure other than surgical procedure.
How much weight will I be able lose after sleeve gastrectomy?
If you eat healthily and do regular exercise after sleeve gastrectomy, you can achieve 65-80% weight loss within 1 year after surgery. However, if you cannot consolidate your eating habits and cannot eat healthily, you may experience 5% weight regain in the course of time.
What will I experience after sleeve gastrectomy?
You can get up 1-2 hours after your transfer from the operating room to your bed. After the first postoperative day, you can take a shower by covering your medical dressing with protective covers. You can return to work after resting about a week after surgery. If you have a job that requires physical activity, you are advised to return to work after 30 days.